What are Mitochondria?

Mitochondria are tiny compartments found within cells. They perform lots of different and important functions to keep us healthy.

The most crucial role that mitochondria perform is to convert energy locked in food into energy that the cell can use. In that respect they act like miniature batteries providing power to the cell when required. In fact, the main reason we breathe oxygen is so that this process of energy conversion can take place in mitochondria!

What do mitochondria do?

They make energy. Mitochondria are often referred to as the powerhouses of the cells. They generate the energy that our cells need to do their jobs. For example, brain cells need a lot of energy to be able to communicate with each other and also to communicate with...

What is mitochondrial disease?

Mitochondrial disease occurs when there is mitochondrial dysfunction usually due to a genetic mutation (spelling mistake in the genetic code or a bit missing) involving either the mitochondrial or nuclear DNA. There are a large number of mitochondrial diseases and mitochondrial disease can affect babies shortly after they...